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Language and Culture

The Language and Culture Department consists of French, German, Mandarin, Spanish and Arabic. French is a compulsory subject from Middle One to Upper Two (2D or 3U) and students are required to take an additional international language of their choice in Upper One.

A highlight of the program is the Middle Two International Languages course. Students explore a round robin comprised of Mandarin, German, Spanish, and Arabic while also continuing the French program. This introductory program focuses on the cultural aspects of the languages through the use of basic conversational skills.

Exchanges - Students studying modern languages have the exceptional opportunity to participate in language-based exchange programs to Québec, France, Spain, South America, China, and Germany. While totally immersing themselves in the language and the culture of the country, students follow a full program of studies at the host school. These exchanges greatly enhance the students’ fluency and comprehension. For more information on exchanges, see the section on  International Programs.

Certificates and Diplomas - Appleby offers its students a number of special certificates and diplomas to demonstrate a student’s proficiency in a target language. Further details can be found under  Additional Certifications and Qualifications.

 

French

Appleby offers two French programs with three streams. In both programs (core / extended), students will increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities. Students in all levels will also develop a variety of skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Most begin at Middle One and continue through to Senior One/Senior Two. All students are required to study French up to Grade 10. Depending on students' backgrounds and abilities when entering Appleby College, they may be considered into either program: the traditional core program (FSF) with a thorough grounding in French language skills and the extended program (FEF) for students with strong communication skills. When students complete the Grade 12 FEF4U course, they have the option of preparing for the Advanced Placement exam.

The core French program provides two streams: regular or accelerated. In either streams, students develop communication skills, an understanding of how the language functions and a sensitivity to francophone cultures. The program offers a valuable educational experience by encouraging each student to achieve a functional command of French through literature study, grammatical structures and vocabulary. Classes are conducted, as much as possible, in the target language to develop communication skills.

The extended French program gives students the opportunity to further their already strong background in the language. This extended and accelerated program focuses on strengthening communication, written and reading skills and broadening their already profound knowledge of francophone culture. In support of verbal communication, classes are conducted entirely in the target language.

In Middle One students can also enter into the accelerated stream, in either the Core or the Extended program. Students begin with the equivalent of Grade 7, but quickly move ahead into concepts taken from the Grade 8 curriculum. By Middle Two, these students move into the Grade 9 program and in the following year advance to the Grade 10 equivalent.

In either program, students are encouraged to participate in class and to present assignments, promoting class discussion and interaction. Assessments reflect the emphasis on verbal skills, and concentrate on language use, comprehension and understanding of culture and literature. Textbooks, supplementary readers and other media forms, including those electronically-based, complement and support grammatical and lexical acquisition as well as thematic expansion.



 

Middle One Required

Students entering Middle One are placed into one of three streams:

• The Core regular stream begins with Grade 7 French - FSF7J

• The Core accelerated stream begins with Grades 7 and 8 Core French - FSF7J/8J

• The Extended accelerated stream begins with Grades 7 and 8 French - FEF7J/8J

 

Core French - FSF7J 
This program emphasizes introductory concepts and builds sound foundations through guided learning situations, essential vocabulary and fundamental grammatical structures. Students expand their knowledge by applying their language skills in structured and open-ended oral and written texts; both the present and future tenses will serve as the primary reference points for skill development. Students will develop reading strategies to support their understanding of a variety of simple classroom and authentic materials.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Core French - FSF7J/8J 
In the FSF7J/8J course, students begin with the equivalent of Grade 7, but quickly move ahead into concepts taken from the Grade 8 curriculum. It is designed for students entering Middle One who have a solid foundation in French and have conferenced with a faculty member to support placement in this intensive course. This course emphasizes the development of accurate communication skills through independent-based authentic tasks. The present, future and past tenses are the primary focus for skill development. Students will respond to a variety of short authentic texts and develop reading strategies in order to build their understanding and abilities. 

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Extended French - FEF7J/8J 
This course gives students the opportunity to build upon and further an already strong background in the language acquired in previous years. It is intended for students who wish to further develop and expand their verbal, written and reading skills. The course represents a stepping stone to future extended courses, which follow a logical academic progression favouring an exposure to a variety of accents and conversational situations, more accurate expression and the development of building blocks essential for advanced study.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Middle Two Required

Students entering Middle Two take one of:

• Grade 8 Core French - FSF8J

• Grade 9 Core French - FSF1D

• Grade 9 Extended French - FEF1D

 

Core French - FSF8J 
The objective of this course is to continue to build a strong foundation through guided and independent learning situations, focusing on fundamental vocabulary and intermediate grammatical structures. Students expand their knowledge by applying their language skills in structured and open-ended oral and written texts; the past tense is the primary reference point for skill development. Students will continue to develop reading strategies as they respond to a variety of short authentic texts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Upper One Required

Students entering Upper One take one of:

• Grade 9 Core French - FSF1D/FSF1O

• Grade 10 Core French - FSF2D

• Grade 10 Extended French - FEF2D

 

Core French - FSF1O

This is an introductory course for students who have little or no knowledge of French. Students will begin to understand and speak French in guided and structured interactive settings, and will develop fundamental communication skills through discussing situations and issues that are relevant to their daily lives.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

Prerequisite: No previous French

 

Core French - FSF1D 
This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will continue to develop language knowledge and skills by using language-learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FSF8J or equivalent

 

Extended French - FEF1D 
This course provides opportunities for students to speak  and interact in French in a variety of real-life and personally relevant contexts. Students will continue to use language-learning strategies introduced in previous years. They will develop their creative and critical thinking skills, through independently responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FEF7J/8J or equivalent

 

Upper Two Required

Students in Upper Two choose one of:

• Grade 10 Core French - FSF2D

• Grade 11 Core French FSF3U

• Grade 11 Extended French - FEF3U

 

Core French - FSF2O

This course provides opportunities for students to speak French in guided and structured interactive settings. Students will communicate about matters of personal interest and familiar topics through listening, speaking, reading, and writing in real-life situations, using print, oral, visual, and electronic texts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FSF1O

 

Core French - FSF2D 

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will continue to develop their language knowledge and skills through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FSF1D

 

Extended French - FEF2D 

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to use their communication skills in French and to apply language-learning strategies. Students will respond to and interact with French oral and written texts in a variety of real-life contexts, using their creative and critical thinking skills to explore and evaluate information and ideas in the texts. Students will increase their knowledge of the language through the study of French-Canadian authors.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FEF1D

 

Upper Two Required/Senior One Elective

Students entering Senior One choose one of:

• Grade 11 Core French - FSF3U

• Grade 12 Core French - FSF4U

• Grade 12 Extended French - FEF4U

 

French - FSF3U 

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FSF2D

 

Extended French - FEF3U 
This course provides opportunities for students to communicate about concrete and abstract topics in various situations. Students will consolidate language-learning strategies and apply them in a variety of real-life contexts in order to enhance and refine their communication skills, and will continue to develop creative and critical thinking skills. Students will develop their knowledge of the language through the study of contemporary and well-known French European authors.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FEF2D or FSF2D9

 

Senior Two Elective

All students have now completed their French requirements and can choose from the following:

• Grade 12 Core French - FSF4U

• Grade 12 Extended French - FEF4U

 

French FSF4U  
This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FSF3U or FEF3U

 

Extended French AP - FEF4U AP Logo 
This course further emphasizes the consolidation of communication skills required to interact in French for various purposes about concrete and abstract topics. Students will independently apply language-learning strategies in a variety of real-life and personally relevant contexts. They will broaden their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and analysing oral and written texts. Students will increase their knowledge of the language through the study of Canadian and international French literature. Students in this course are given the option to write the Advanced Placement French Language and Culture examination. The AP examination takes place in May of each year.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: FEF3U or FSF3U

 

International Languages


 

Middle Two Required

International Languages - LWM8J 
This is a rotational course that provides the groundwork for future studies in Mandarin, German, Spanish, and Arabic. This introductory program also explores cultural aspects of the aforementioned languages through the use of basic conversational skills. Each segment of the course provides students with a cultural experience, enhanced by a four-component program centered on themes of interest to Middle Two students and their context. From this introductory exposure, students are required to choose one international language to pursue in Upper One at the BD level and are encouraged to continue their study to the completion of the DU credit at the end of Senior One (or Senior Two Year).

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

In Upper One, students choose between German, Mandarin, Spanish or Arabic. In their first year of studying the language, they will explore aspects of the culture of countries or regions where the language is spoken including social customs, food, sports and leisure activities, popular festivals, and music. Although students will expand their vocabulary and knowledge of linguistic elements, the language they will use at this level will still be simple. In their second year, students will enhance their critical and creative thinking skills through reading diverse materials, including original literature, and will explore a variety of personal and professional contexts in which knowledge of the language is required. In their final year, students will continue to refine and enhance their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in the language, with the goal of using these communication skills in a variety of personal, academic, and professional contexts.

 

Upper One Required

Arabic

Language is our principal means of communication. As societies around the world become more closely linked through advances in technology, the ability to communicate in more than one language becomes increasingly important. The Arabic program will allow students to acquire skills in the following four areas listening, speaking, reading and writing, with an emphasis placed on communication and culture. The program uses the modern Arabic (MSA), which is the language used in all contemporary Arabic publications as well as the language of the Arabic broadcast media.

 

Upper One Elective

Arabic - LYABD 
This course enables students to develop competence in the Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students will participate in interactive activities in which they can apply and develop their language skills to communicate with Arab native speakers. The course focuses on the fundamentals of communication and students will expand their vocabulary and repertoire of language structures throughout the year.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Upper Two Elective

Arabic - LYACU 
This course further develops students' language skills with more emphasis on reading and writing. Students will use increasingly sophisticated language in a variety of activities that will enable them to speak and write with clarity and accuracy.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LYABD

 

Senior One Elective

Arabic - LYADU 
This course prepares students for postsecondary studies in the Modern Standard Arabic (MSA),and will help them gain a broader understanding of the Arabic culture while expanding their vocabulary. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where Arabic is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts. Emphasis is placed on the progressive development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LYACU

 

German

The German language program uses materials allowing for intensive practice of the basic language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. It also provides insights into the customs of Germanic countries enabling students to understand and communicate with a native speaker. Students gain a positive attitude towards the language and acquire valuable insight into the function of language in society and its importance as a tool for communication. In order to benefit fully from the program, it is recommended that students remain in the course for two years. In this way, they are further exposed to the language and gain the opportunity to participate in exchanges or summer programs. As part of the PASCH program, Appleby students benefit from a series of events organized in collaboration with the Goethe Institute including exhibitions, poetry readings as well as a yearly scholarship to Germany during the summer.

 

Upper One Elective

German - LWGBD 

The first year emphasizes fundamental language skills, particularly listening and speaking. Students are taught basic grammar rules for use in everyday situations. Reading, writing, and German-language videos reinforce the aural/oral aspects as well as expand the students’ vocabulary. Students are also exposed to the customs and habits of countries or region of the world where German is spoken.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Upper Two Elective

German - LWGCU 

As in the previous course, students use German as a means of expressing their ideas through interactive activities in the classroom such as skits, role-playing, and interviews. Reading materials and German language videos provide an opportunity for discussion and vocabulary-building regarding fashion, historical figures, art, and architecture. Listening and speaking skills continue to be developed with an increased emphasis on reading and writing.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LWGBD

 

Senior One Elective

German - LWGDU 

The course presents a more intensive study of the grammatical aspects of German while maintaining the goal of verbal communication and expression in the target language and preparing students for postsecondary studies. German speaking cultures are analyzed through the use of readings and videos. Students study short stories and poetry by well-known German authors, leading to the analysis of literary themes. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where the language is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LWGCU

 

Mandarin

The Chinese language is used by almost one quarter of the people in the world. As the dominant language of East Asia, Chinese has greatly influenced the writing systems and vocabulary of neighbouring countries. Learning this language expands students’ knowledge of the ancient world of China. Students explore both the ancient and modern Chinese world via video, music, food, and computer programs.

 

Upper One Elective

Mandarin - LKMBD 

This course enables students to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students will continue to participate in interactive activities in which they can apply and develop their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. Although students will expand their vocabulary and knowledge of linguistic elements, the language they will use at this level will still be basic.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

 

Upper Two Elective

Mandarin - LKMCU 
This course is a continuation of essential Chinese expression and guides the students in developing precision in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students will participate in interactive activities (e.g., discussions about literature, travel, shopping) in which they will further develop their knowledge of linguistic elements. At this level, students learn a variety of tenses, study a limited number of common Chinese characters, and expand their vocabulary and knowledge of Chinese idioms and culture. They are also introduced to aspects of culture in regions of the world where the language is spoken, including fashion, historical figures, art, and architecture. 

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LKMBD

 

Senior One Elective

Mandarin - LKMDU 
This course offers an intensive study of grammatical principles in Chinese writing. Students continue to build conversational skills and progressively improve their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. They delve into Chinese classical literature, are introduced to four great books in Chinese history, and study traditional Chinese poetry. Motion pictures and discussions of current Chinese issues are used in class activities and students have the chance to research the influence of political history in modern China. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where the language is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LKMCU

 

Spanish

As one of the Romance languages, Spanish is descended from Latin. The Spanish language is not only relevant in the European context, but is also a crucial communication tool in the United States as well as South and Central America. It is of increasing importance in business and trade and is a means to explore a variety of Hispanic cultures all over the world. The Spanish program teaches four basic language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing), gradually leading to the complexities of analysis, nuances of the language, and discussions of Hispanic literature.

 

Upper One Elective

Spanish - LWSBD 

Students commence their studies in Spanish by learning basic vocabulary, reading simplistic literary extracts, by practicing fundamental expressions and building better oral communication skills. Students increase their command of fundamental everyday expressions and build better oral communication skills. They will participate in interactive activities in which they can apply and develop their language skills to communicate with native speakers of Spanish.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None

Upper Two Elective

Spanish - LWSCU 

The objective of this course is to further develop language skills with increased emphasis on reading and writing. As in the previous course, students are guided in using Spanish to express their ideas at a higher and more analytical level. The goal is to build a solid knowledge base that supports verbal and written development. Students will continue to explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where Spanish is spoken, including fashion, historical figures, art, and architecture.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LWSBD

 

Senior One Elective

Spanish - LWSDU 

The emphasis of this course is to further explore the intricacies of Spanish idiomatic expressions and language conventions. Students partake in rigorous novel study in order to develop more sophisticated written and oral skills. Spanish cultural topics are presented by means of a variety of literary genres intent on exploring the many facets of Spanish culture.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: LWSCU

 

     

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