ACMUN News

ACMUN XIII was a great success and the Planning Committee would like to thank all delegates and teachers who made it for helping to create such an amazing conference. We hope to see you all again next year!

Stay tuned for ACMUN XIV conference happening in April 2019!

Secretariat

SECRETARY GENERAL - ANJALI SIROMANI

Hi everyone! My name is Anjali Siromani and I am a Senior at Appleby College. This year, I am excited to serve as the Secretary General for Appleby's 14th annual Model United Nation's conference. Model UN has been a huge part of my high school experience starting from my very first conference in grade 8 at ACMUN. Having lived in Mumbai, India; London, England; and Oakville, Ontario, I have become very aware of international issues and their implications on communities and nations. Outside of Model UN, I am very passionate about social justice and advocacy through my involvement as a Youth Advisor to the Federal government though the Oakville Youth Council. For the past two years, I have also assisted in the development of an organization called 'Bridge the Heart' which aims to help immigrant and refugee youths settle into their communities and become civically engaged through mentorship programs and model UN/model parliament debates. This year, the  planning committee is hard at work to give you the best ACMUN experience yet! We hope our theme "Confer. Challenge. Change" will encourage you to create fresh, pioneering resolutions and come together to conquer the plethora of challenges that the world faces today. I look forward to seeing everyone in April!

CHARGE D'AFFAIRES - SHAHEER ABBASI

Hello All! I am Shaheer Abbasi, the Charge D'Affairs for the ACMUN XVI Conference of 2019. I was born in Karachi Pakistan, and I have lived many years in New York City, Seattle Washington, and Oakville Ontario. I have been an Appleby College student since grade 7. I have been very involved with Model United Nations and Debate in my high school career, including being a MUN Club Secretariat member in 2017-2018 and being a AC debate director this year. I have been a delegate to many MUN conferences, including DUMUN in North Carolina, TFSMUN in Toronto, and multiple ACMUNs. I was also the chair of the United Nations Security Council in ACMUN XIII of 2018. I am passionate in understanding our international political interactions and then using those to create long-lasting positive change in our world. I am proud to be working for a conference which brings people who intend to do the same.  

CHARGE D'AFFAIRES - SAWSAN HAIDER

Hi Everyone! I am Sawsan Haider, the Charge D’affaires for the ACMUN XVI Conference of 2019. I was born in Montreal, Canada , have lived in Bahrain for two years, and later moved to Oakville where I live now.  I have been an Appleby College student since grade 7 and have attended ACMUN every year since. I’ve been debating for the last 5 years and have found my home in MUN. I am one of the coordinators of AC Debate and have recently won 1st place in debate at the National Public Speaking Championship.  I have been a delegate to many MUN conferences, including SSUNS and multiple ACMUNs. I am fascinated with our international framework and the political interactions that make up our world and am passionate about using this understanding to change the world and would love to help those in the conference that are looking to the same.

 

 UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL OF CRISIS - FREDDY BISHAY

What's up guys, I can't wait to meet you all at ACMUN XIV. My name is Freddy Bishay and I'm the Under Secretary General of Crisis for this year's conference. I am an Egyptian, who lived 11 years in Cairo. My time in Egypt was wonderful, although I witnessed, first-hand, many conflicts in the country because of religion, ideology, and corruption. I then moved to Canada and have been here for 5 years. Living in two different countries and having an inability to identify as either, I have learnt to have a more wholistic global perspective. This worldwide outlook has exposed me to global issues as well as the issues that I have seen in Egypt. This led me to join the MUN club and participate in conferences such as SSUNS in Montreal, WHIMUN in Western University, and ACMUN as both a delegate and Co-chair. It is amazing to see the sheer amount of young men and women that are willing and hope to change the world and challenge historical issues. Let's confer, challenge, and change. 

 UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL OF COMMITTEE AFFAIRS - OYKU UZUN

Hello everyone! My name is Oyku Uzun and I am the Undersecretary General of Committee Affairs for ACMUN XIV this year. I was born in Ankara which is the capital city of Turkey and I am currently a grade 11 student at Appleby College. I have always been passionate about traveling and experiencing new cultures while following the current global events. This was the major reason why I decided to join the Model UN club in grade 8 in my previous school back in Turkey and this has made a drastic difference in my life and my approach to the current events. I have been to several conferences throughout my MUN career which let me to look at things from different perspectives and to meet new people from all around the world. In my opinion, Model UN is a great platform which students get the chance to learn more about the world that we all share together and to think of ways to make it a better place for everyone while meeting new people who share common interests with them. I am so glad that I am a part of this amazing conference and extremely excited to meet with all of you delegates in this year’s conference in April!

 UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL OF FINANCE - TIANMI LIU

Hello - my name is Tianmi, and I am the Under Secretary General of Finance this year. I was raised in Beijing, China, and I came to Canada in 2013. I have been at Appleby starting in grade 8, making this my fifth year and final year at Appleby. I went on an exchange to South Korea, I went to Spain for studying Spanish, and I went on a trek to Ecuador. These trips have opened up my horizons and I loved learning about the cultures in different countries. I am so glad to be a part of MUN this year and take part in the preparation of ACMUN. Also, I took accounting in grade 11, and I am currently in accounting as well, which gives me a good understanding on finance. I am looking forward to this conference and I can't wait to see everyone there! 

UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL OF LOGISTICS AND OPERATIONS - ABDEL NADA

Hello everyone! My name is Abdel Nada and I am the Under Secretary General of Logistics and Operations for this year's conference. I was born in Egypt and lived there for 12 years until I moved into boarding at Appleby College in grade 9. I have always been interested in debating and world issues, this has lead me to the great opportunity of being able to participate as a committee chair in every single ACMUN since I've been at Appleby. I have witnessed first-hand poverty, corruption, and revolution back home in Egypt. However, I hadn't gone through an experience that had really impacted my view on the world until last year in March when I went to Argentina on a service trip. On the trip I had the chance to work with children and I saw the impact the political climate and economic situation of Argentina affected these children and their families. Since that trip I have been greatly intrigued by the global issues that we experience today and finding ways to solve them. As a secretariat member this year, I am really excited to contribute in making the conference this year as enjoyable as possible and look forward to meet all the delegates! 

 UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL OF MARKETING - MEGAN HE

Hi everyone! My name is Megan He and I am the Under Secretary General of Marketing for ACMUN XIV. I lived in Shanghai, China for most of my life until I went to the US in 2013. Two years later, I moved to Canada in 2015 and became a part of Appleby College. This is my third year in Appleby, and I am currently in Grade 11. Last year, I went on a service trip to Romania last year, and this experience really opened up my eyes to issues that I was not aware of in the past. My peers and I worked hard to make changes happen, and I want to continue making that experience through the opportunities ACMUN gives me. I am excited to promote and support MUN and the passion I hold toward global issues. Looking forward to see you all in April! 

 

 

What is ACMUN?

What is ACMUN?

Appleby College Model United Nations began ten years ago as thirty students huddled in a music room debating world affairs on Saturdays. Over the past years it has grown into one of Canada's premier single day high school conferences, run entirely by student volunteers and attended by hundreds of students eager for high quality debate.

The organizing committee of the Appleby College Model United Nations conference is committed to delivering an experience in keeping with the international spirit of the United Nations. It aims to raise awareness of pressing global issues and to have delegates consider how they can change the world around them though being community spirited and globally responsible.

2005 – 2006 ACMUN I

2006 – 2007 ACMUN II

2007 – 2008 ACMUN III

2008 – 2009 ACMUN IV

2009 – 2010 ACMUN V

2010 – 2011 ACMUN VI

2011 – 2012 ACMUN VII

2012 – 2013 ACMUN VIII

2013 – 2014 ACMUN IX

2014 – 2015 ACMUN X

2015 – 2016 ACMUN XI

2016 – 2017 ACMUN XII

2017 – 2018 ACMUN XIII

2018 – 2019 ACMUN XIV

 

Sulaiman Hakemy

Devon Allaby

Kosaluchi Mmegwa

Jonathan Crombie

Daniel Mitropolsky

Meghan Anslow

Chinezimuzo (Nezim) Mmegwa

Arthur Kwan Hung Wu

Adam Kouri

Jackson Gillard

Annie Hsu

Mikail Malik

Anjali Siromani

Registration

Registration is NOW closed.

Payment Information:

School registration fee*: $100 
Delegate fee: $30 per delegate

Registration Closes: February 9th 2019
Payment Due: February 16th, 2019
No Refunds After: February 23rd, 2019
Late Registration (registration after February 9th, 2019): $100 (school fee) + $35 per delegate                                                                                     

*Independent delegates are exempt from paying the school registration fee.

Payment should be in the form of a cheque made payable to:

Appleby College
540 Lakeshore Road West
Oakville, ON.

*In the memo line, please reference the following: ACMUN - ST183
Payment via credit card is also accepted, please email acmun@appleby.on.ca

Registration Information:

Registration will be confirmed upon receipt of payment. Registration fee covers conference expenses such as conference packages, snacks, and lunch (including vegetarian and Halal options) in the Appleby Dining Hall. Please notify us of any food allergies in advance.

Registration Link:

Registration is now closed, but contact us to see if any spots have opened.

Conference

ACMUN XIV SCHEDULE - SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 2019

GROUP A

7:30-8:30 Registration (Barr Common Room)

8:40-9:45 Opening Ceremony with Guest Speaker N/A

10:00-11:45 First Committee Session

11:50- 12:50 Lunch (snacks/goods for sale in the Gym)

12:55- 2:40 Second Committee Session

2:40-3:00 Break

3:00-5:00 Third committee session

5:10-6:30 Closing Ceremony

 

GROUP B

7:30-8:30 Registration (Barr Common Room)

8:40-9:45 Opening Ceremony with Guest Speaker N/A

10:00-11:30 First Committee Session

11:35-12:35 Lunch (snacks/goods for sale in the Gym)

12:40-2:40 Second Committee Session

2:40- 3:00 Break

3:00-5:00 Third Committee Session

5:10-6:30 Closing Ceremony

Location

Main Phone: 905-845-4681, ext. 0
Fax: 905-845-9828
Address: 540 Lakeshore Road West, Oakville, Ontario L6K 3P1

Philanthropic Partnership

Since ACMUN's inception, Appleby College's pillars of community spirit and global responsibility have remained at the heart of our core values. As a team, we are dedicated to creating a conference in which delegates have the opportunity to translate diplomacy into concrete actions. Recognizing the importance of incorporating philanthropy and service into our conference, ACMUN is delighted to inaugurate our annual initiative of philanthropic partnership during the twelfth year of our conference.

UNICEF Canada – ACMUN XIV Official Charity Partner

ACMUN XII is excited to announce our support for UNICEF Canada for this year’s conference! The United Nations Children's Fund is an international humanitarian organization that promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child in 190 countries and territories around the world. UNICEF Canada translates the commitment made by the Convention on the Rights of the Child into practical action, focusing special efforts on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. Through focusing on child protection, social inclusion, child survival, education, gender equality, and emergency relief, UNICEF advocates for measures to give children the best start in life.

Our fundraising theme this year is youth education. Through our fundraising efforts, we look forward to support UNICEF’s “strong commitment to ensure that all children – regardless of gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic background or circumstances – realize their right to a quality education.”

It is our time to reach out to children around the world; it is our time to rebuild the future for tomorrow's generation; it is our time to respond to the challenges this world presents us. On behalf of ACMUN and UNICEF Canada, we would like to thank you for your generous support! With our collective efforts as global citizens, we will create a brighter future with hope for our children!

 

Committee Descriptions

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)

NOVICE

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)

NOVICE

UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (UNHCR)

NOVICE

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP) NOVICE

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME (UNEP)

NOVICE

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL (UNHRC)

NOVICE

UN WOMEN

NOVICE

   
SOCHUM

INTERMEDIATE

SPECPOL

INTERMEDIATE

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL COMMITTEE (ECOFIN)

INTERMEDIATE

AFRICAN UNION

INTERMEDIATE

   

G6

ADVANCED

SECURITY COUNCIL

ADVANCED

UNITED ARAB LEAGUE

ADVANCED

UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY FIRST COMMITTEE (DISEC)

ADVANCED

INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (ICJ)

SPECIALTY

   
MARVEL SUMMIT SPECIALTY

FIFA (EUROPEAN SUPER LEAGUE)

SPECIALTY

ADHOC

SPECIALTY

INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (ICJ)

SPECIALTY

DISEC

Founded after the Second World War in 1945, The disarmament and international security committee, DISEC, combats global problems, disarmament, and menaces of international peace. Confronted with problems like the promotion of terrorism through media platforms and the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, DISEC explores potential solutions to international security problems. This committee will provoke excellent discussion on how to solve some of the world's most imminent problems.  

UNHRC

The United Nations Human Rights Council is a UN committee that is dedicated to promoting
and protect human rights around the world. The UNHRC investigates allegations of breaches of
human rights in UN member states and addresses the issues. These include: freedom of
association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights,
LGBT rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. The UNHRC holds regular sessions
three times a year, in March, June, September, and—exclusively for ACMUN this year—on
April 13th, 2019.

UNDP

UNDP works in 177 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty, and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. The UNDP help countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results. This is a critical time for the world. The UNDP sees this period as a huge opportunity to advance the global sustainable development agenda. In September 2015, world leaders adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. UNDP is working to strengthen new frameworks for development, disaster risk reduction and climate change. The UNDP support countries' efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, or Global Goals, which will guide global development priorities through 2030. 

UNHCR

The UNHCR is a global organization overseen by the UN dedicated to saving lives and protecting human rights by assisting refugees and building a collectively better for these individuals, their communities and forcibly displaced people. They work to ensure that an individual fleeing persecution, violence, war or disaster at their home country is able to find a safe place for refuge. Since 1950, the organization has been committed to their goal of facing multiple crisis all over the world and providing essential and integral assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, international displaced and stateless people who have nowhere to go. 

UNICEF

The United Nations Children's Fund is a humanitarian program that has been continually working in and with countries and territories across the globe. Unfortunately, with constant technological advancements, children's needs still are not being met. UNICEF helps meet the needs of these children by promoting the wellbeing and protecting their rights. UNICEF has been constantly been improving lives of children and their families whether that be in addressing child slavery, child poverty, and educational issues.

UNEP 

The United Nations Environment Programme is a United Nations body which leads the United Nations environmental agenda in its 2030 Sustainable Development mission. The UNEP provides the leadership and expertise the world's nations need protect the environment through informing, inspiring, and enabling countries to do so. UNEP Assembly is a group of countries which the world's highest level decisions regarding the environment. UNEP is headquartered in Nairobi Kenya but has regional headquarters in every continent. The UNEP encourages sustainability through work done around climate change, disasters and conflicts, resource efficiency, chemical waste, environmental governance, and ecosystem management. 

UN WOMEN

UN Women is a united nations entity which works to empower young girls and women around the world and pursue gender equality. The committee works with UN member states to promote gender equality and empowerment. It does this through working with governments to provide their expertise as they create laws, governmental policies, and services reaching equality. The committee often works around encouraging economic  empowerment,  ending gender-based violence, political activity, humanitarian support, HIV and AIDS reduction, and pursuing the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, or UN women, was created by the UN General Assembly in 2010 to consolidate fragmented efforts to push for the empowerment of women.  

WTO

As increasing trends in globalization continue to tak off, interstate interaction and trade continue to boost the global economy. However, this expansion of the global trade network is not without its challenges. The delegates of the WTO (World Trade Organization) must help continue to establish frameworks for international trade agreements while simultaneously mediating trade related conflict. Delegates must tread lightly, as too much regulation may stunt a global economy, whereas too little could cause smaller states to take advantage of.  

WHO

The World Health Organization formed in 1948 and based its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. It incorporates the former Office International d'Hygiène Publique and League of Nations Health Organization. It is a specialized UN agency that focuses on global health challenges, public health, emerging health issues, and finding solution. After contributing to eradicating smallpox, WHO is now focused on preventing HIV/AIDS, Ebola, TB, reproductive diseases, etc. It organizes World health Day, which promotes collective action in protecting public health. It also organizes that global health campaigns, including Immunization Week, Tobacco Day, World AIDS Day, etc. 

AFRICAN UNION

African Union’s main objective is to create a peaceful environment in the continent of Africa while promoting unity and development within the framework of the United Nations. This Union provides the countries an international platform where they can seek solutions for common issues and concerns amongst the members of the Union, as well as defending the interests of Africa effectively. It has been opposing the threats against the peace environment with the vision of “An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa,  driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in  global arena.”

SOCHUM

The social, humanitarian and cultural committee is the third general assembly of the UN, tasked with a broad mandate surrounding social, humanitarian, and human rights issues from around the world. Some issues discussed with SOCHUM include, however not limited to: global literacy, children's rights, women's rights, the treatment of refugees and displaced persons. We can all summarize these to one big topic: Human rights. SOCHUM also works closely with many other UN bodies in order to effectually address its mandated issues. 

ECOFIN

The Economic and Financial Committee (ECOFIN), currently at its 73rd session, deals with conflicts and issues regarding economic growth and development.  Delegates emerge from ECOFINcommittees with a thorough understanding of the mechanisms of the global economy and the forces in which shape the systems that control our world.  ECOFIN, being one of the original general assemblies since its creation in 1945 is also known as the Second Committee and covers a jurisdiction of concepts from economic growth and development and its intrinsic mechanisms like international trade, financial systems, debt and employment sustainability, the financial intricacies of development, human settlements, poverty, and sustainable development. It focuses on everything from globalization and the rise of neo-liberalism to how to encourage financial growth in underdeveloped countries. In its history, ECOFIN has been the backbone to helping nation-states out of financial crisis into an era of growth and thriving. More specifically, ECOFIN has played a key role in the Israel Palestine conflict and had come to the conclusion that Israeli occupation is a violation of human rights laws due to the economic impact that the political, military, and social interventionism has caused on the Palestinian people.  

SPECPOL

The Special Political and Decolonization Committee, aka UN General Assembly Fourth Committee, is one of the United Nations General Assembly's 6 main committees. All UN countries are eligible to join. The committee focuses on decolonization efforts, but they also deal with other controversial political missions, including peacekeeping, human rights, Palestinian refugees relief, etc. 

Originally, the committee started as the Fourth Committee that dealt only with decolonization issues. But after more territories became self-governing, it merged with the Seventh Committee, or the Special Political Committee to form the SPECPOL. 

SECURITY COUNCIL

The primary responsibility of the Security Council is to maintain the international peace and security by the decisions taken by the 15 members of the Council. The Security Council leads the role of determining the existence of a threat to the peace or any aggressive actions in order to come up with peaceful adjustments in terms of settlement and to reassure international peace and security. Besides its crucial in global peace and actions against the possible threats, it also selects the new members of the United Nations and also with the General Assembly, it chooses the judges of the International Court of Justice. 

UNITED ARAB LEAGUE

A program with many parallels to MUN, Model Arab League (MAL) is a debate simulation based on the League of Arab States. It has been operated by the Washington, D.C.-based National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations since 1983 and now operates over 20 conferences in the U.S. annually. MAL is unique in that its participants represent a pool of 22 countries instead of MUN’s 193, resulting in a more participatory atmosphere, greater opportunity to speak and influence the council, and, perhaps most importantly, ample opportunities to peer-network and befriend fellow delegates.  

G6

The G6 is an unofficial group of the biggest and most populous countries in the European Union: the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Germany, Spain, and Poland. Because of their large population, they have the most votes in the Council of the EU (together, they include almost 50% of the votes in the EU and almost 350 million people). Interior Ministers of these countries come together to discuss key internal issues affecting Europe. In 2003, the G6 faced controversy due to its lack of transparency and its clandestine affairs.   

FIFA

According to German publication, Der Spiegel, top European clubs have held secret talks to set up a meeting to form a private league. The league would consist of 11 'founder-teams': Liverpool FC, Manchester United, Manchester City, Chelsea FC, Arsenal FC, Barcelona FC, Real Madrid, Juventus, AC Milan, and Paris Saint Germain. As well, there would be 5 'initial guest-teams': Atlético Madrid, Borussia Dortmund, Olympique Marseille, Inter Milan and AS Roma.

This idea has stirred conversation and commotion amongst the FIFA corporation, the World Cup tournament, and the leagues that would be losing their large teams. FIFA President Gianni Infantino has even stated that "you are either in or you are out… this includes everything," explaining that the players wouldn’t be able to play in national team tournaments such as the World Cup or the UEFA Euro National Championship.  

In this committee, delegates will be able to assume different owners and leaders of historic European clubs, European leagues, and the FIFA corporation arguing about the start of this new league 

ADHOC

The Ad Hoc Committee is a unique crisis committee that is structured for advanced delegates eager to debate and act on their feet. To maintain ambiguity in the committee, the topic will not be revealed until you walk into the committee room. The only information given about this committee is that intelligence agencies are involved, and so each delegate will have to research about different intelligence agencies and their protocols. Ad Hoc delegates will have to act instantaneously and effectively to crises as they have had minimal time to react. Preparation is still necessary as delegates need to be confident speakers and should be ready to converse.

ICJ

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the fundamental juridical structure of the United Nations (UN). The Court's role is to make decisions in accordance with the International Law and to guide the United Nations organs, the international organizations and specialized agencies by giving them advices on legal questions by again, referring to the International Law. The International Court has been carrying its critical decision making process since it was first established in June 1945 and began its actions in April 1946. 

MARVEL SUMMIT

“The hardest choices require the strongest wills” – Thanos. With half of all life across the universe gone, there are many questions left unanswered. Should we prepare for another attack from Thanos? Is there another enemy lurking? Can we bring everyone back? On earth, there are even more issues to solve: the unfished singing of the Sokovia Accords, tense relations between Mutants and Humans, an overpopulation of users of the Mystic Arts, and more. This year, Marvel Summit and Operations (MSO) is being faced with most difficult topics to debate yet. This committee of superheroes, politicians, members of S.H.I.E.L.D, and more must collaborate to navigate the challenges posed by both the world and the multiverse!

Committee Topics

DISEC

  • Preventing the acquisition of chemical, biological and radiological weapons and sources by extremist groups

By definition, biological warfare is the deliberate spread of disease against humans, animals, and plants. More specifically, biological weapons utilize chemical or biological agents such as bacteria or viruses for the purpose of harming or killing flora, fauna, and humans. As opposed to nuclear weapons, biological weapons are cheaper, however, these weapons are extremely deadly - one gram of toxins can kill up to 10 million people. Consequently, the United Nations has taken drastic action in order to counter the use of biological weapons and its proliferation across the globe as swiftly and with as much international cooperation as possible. In order to reverse the spread of biological weapons, the United Nations have taken numerous actions. On April 28, 2004, the United Nations Security Council took a tremendous step in controlling the proliferation of biological weapons with the adoption of Resolution 1540 which affirms that the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and their means of delivery poses an extreme threat to international peace and security. 

  • Preventing the development of an arms race in space 

The Conference recognizes that the prevention of an arms race in outer space will avoid serious risks to international peace and security and will appeal to all countries, in particular, those with important space capabilities, for the peaceful use of outer space and under the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security). The seven case texts need to be approved to prevent an arms race in outer space. DISEC need to vote to finalize the resolutions and decisions. When the First Committee continued its third and final phase of work, namely action on all draft resolutions and decisions, it had before it on texts related to outer space, conventional weapons, regional disarmament and security, other disarmament measures and international security, and disarmament machinery. 

UNHRC

  • Developing measures to address modern slavery in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

In the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, a country in Northwest Africa, slavery is still under full practice even though it was made illegal in 1981. This is because newly-freed slaves—most of them ethnic minorities—do not have the skills or resources to seek better employment elsewhere, making as economically and socially vulnerable as they were before. To help alleviate this crisis, one of the current local and international efforts is to set up workshop to teach skills, such as embroidery, to help people acquire necessary skills to become more independent. Oppression of Rohingya Muslim Minorities in Myanmar.

  • Oppression of Rohingya Muslim Minorities in Myanmar.

The prosecution of Muslims in Myanmar is a conflict that continues to the present day and has consumed the country throughout history. As a religion that is practiced by 4% of the population(a significant minority), Rohingyas have been the most persecuted group under the Myanmar military regime. During the regimes operations, security forces have driven Rohingyas of their land, burned down mosques and committed widespread rape of Rohingya Muslims. Additionally, a lot of land originally occupied by Rohingya Muslims, has been stolen and reallocated to Buddhists, who represent the majority of the population in the nation. This committee will address the possible resolutions that can be enacted to reduce the oppression of Rohingya Muslims and decide what neighboring countries should be involved in combating this issue.

UNDP

  • Achieving Sustainable Development goals and achieving the 2030 goals

In 2015, 193 UN member states adopted a 15-year plan called the "2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development," that is goal to create a world without poverty, hunger, unemployment, and with universal education and healthcare. The 2030 Agenda would focus on solving social as well as environmental issues that the globe faces today, bettering the lives of humans today and in the future. 

  • Reducing slum population cities  

Khayelitsha, Kiberia, Dharavi, Ciudad Neza, Orangi Town. What do they have in come? They are all home to the huge slum city populations; a city where residents live without sufficient shelter, water supply, and social services. These areas are largely ignored by local governments as they require too much work to correct. This ignorance and negligence of human rights in these areas need to be solved. 

UNHCR

  • Protecting Refugees from Human Trafficking

The UN Refugee Agency values ​​these efforts and shares the legitimate interests of each country in combating trafficking in human beings, which can lead to serious crimes against the human rights of the victims. UNHCR specifically draws attention to humanitarian consequences. This crime requires a human rights-based approach to human trafficking.

In addition to identifying and prosecuting offenders, it also includes measures to solve the problem. Protection needs of victims or individuals who have or may be trafficked. Another objective is to assist US government to establish identity and nationality status for the trafficking victims who are without identity.  

In 2017, a record high of 68.5 million people are displaced, either within a nation or internationally. Evidently, the citizens of war-torn countries and unstable countries suffer the worst of this crisis. About 2.5 million migrants have been smuggled across borders, generating a revenue of $5.5 billion to $7 billion in 2016.  The causes of this human trafficking crisis include insufficient government recognition, lack of legal support, and shortage of funds. The first step to protecting the victims are to increase judicial efficiency—police efforts, research, privacy in court, quick persecution of criminal, etc. Government could also offer sanctuary instead of blame on the victim to help them testify against their perpetrator. 

  • Sudanese refugee crisis 

In result of the decades of civil war, South Sudan has become one of the poorest countries in the world today. South Sudan is unable to provide Sudanese people with healthcare, education or income opportunities. This is leading to a devastating amount of fatalities every year. Since, the people are struggling to survive, Sudanese are fleeing the country. So far, nearly 4 million people have been displaced due to inability to suffice themselves nutritionally. The millions of refugees are travelling on-foot to neighboring countries in hopes to live better lives. 

UNICEF

  • Protecting Children with disabilities in under-developed countries 

Children with disabilities are one of the most marginalized and excluded groups in society. It is estimated that there are at least 93 million disabled children in the world, but the number may be much higher. They are often one of the poorest members of the population. They are less likely to go to school, get medical services, or hear their voices in society. Their disability also exposes them to a higher risk of physical abuse and often excludes them from receiving appropriate nutritional or humanitarian assistance in an emergency. UNICEF's vision is to build a world where every child can grow up healthily, harmless and educated so that they can reach their full potential.  

  • Providing Educational Opportunities for refugee-children 

Education provides children with a path to escape poverty and access to a promising future. But there are about 264 million children and adolescents around the world still lack the opportunity to enter or complete their studies. Poverty, discrimination, armed conflict, emergencies and the effects of climate change have obstructed them. UNICEF believes that every child has the right to access education, no matter who they are, where they live or how much they have at home. UNICEF is committed to providing learning opportunities from early childhood in 155 countries around the world and providing each child with the knowledge and skills needed to prosper.  

UNICEF believes that every child has the right to access education, no matter who they are, where they live or how much they have at home. UNICEF is committed to providing learning opportunities from early childhood in 155 countries around the world and providing each child with the knowledge and skills needed to prosper.  

UNEP 

  • Encouraging environmentally friendly economic development in developing countries

Developing countries in a race 'to catch up' with developed countries have turned to environmentally detrimental solutions of making money such as the mining of crude oil, the use of hormones in farming or deforestation. This issue exasperates global warming and requires a wholistic plan with these countries and more developed countries supporting them. 

  • Reducing poaching of endangered species in Africa  

Many of Africa’s unique animals, such as elephants, giraffes and rhinos are under threat of extreme extinction due to illegal poaching. These animals are being killed for certain specialty items like ivory, skin and fur, which are deeply rooted symbols of wealth in certain countries. Wildlife conservation programs have been created, but despite their efforts, poaching is still a prominent issue in Africa and there is no foreseen stop in the future. 

UN WOMEN

  • Supporting the Involvement of Women in Governance and Decision-Making: 

Women's rights have progressed over the past years. However, there is still a vast amount of work that needs to achieve equal representation in positions of power and leadership whether that may be through corporate positions or presidential cabinets. In terms of providing a historical analysis, discriminatory laws and practices have made it significantly more challenging for women to advance and grow as leaders in their individual societies and have a say in government related decisions and policy making.  While women have made progress to better their standing and influence in societies, there is still a lack of gender parity in governments and parliaments. For example, in the United States a first world country and one that is considered the most powerful in the world, a wide majority of individuals in President Donald Trump's cabinet consist of men who are Caucasian as there is a lack of gender diversity throughout all levels of government. This committee will address the necessary steps that can be taken in the most efficient way to create gender parity and equality in governments, parliaments and other hierarchal areas that involve decision making where there is a lack of  gender diversity. 

  • #Me-too movement and sexual harassment in developing countries

Sexual harassment in developing countries is an indicator of a lack of government stability and education amongst its citizens. Rape and crime rates are extremely high in countries such as Ethiopia, India, Syria and other developing nations. Violence against women has occurred in many forms including physical, sexual, emotional and economic. As a result, women's mental and physical health has been severely impacted  leading to an increased absenteeism at work thereby reducing productivity as well. Sexual harassment has also lead women to drop out of school because they feel unsafe and are at risk of abuse. This committee will address some of the ways to combat and reduce the rates of sexual harassment in developing countries. 

WTO

  • Chinese-American Trade War

Up to know, the United States and China are engaged in a trade car. Both countries, initiated by the US, are introducing high tariffs on trade goods from the other country. Trump’s explanation for the sanctions on China is that China is violating intellectual property rights and is unfairly harming domestic business in the US. The added tariff would also balance out trade deficits for the US because the country imports far more than it exports. China criticizes the US for restrictions on high-tech products and accuses them of attempting to undermine China’s growing market economy. The two countries are yet to come up with a solution. 

  • Reducing Trade Barriers in South America

Barriers to trade between Latin/South American countries and the western world are being struck down as Latin/South America have recently improved their trade transparency and policies. Yet there still are many factors that pose difficulties for trade. These factors include the inefficiency of administration, lack of infrastructure, shortage of resources, insufficient transportation, and imbalance of development in different countries etc. Mexico, the Dominican Republic, and Costa Rica have seen the most improvements (with Mexico being the largest exporter), while Central American countries are struggling to bring down these barriers.  

WHO

  • Antibiotic/antimicrobial Resistance as a Threat to Global Health 

Bacteria’s and virus’s growing resistance to antibiotic is an emerging health issue affecting not only agriculture and fishery, but also the economic and social development of nations and their people. 

Because the issue demands quick actions from both national and international committees, the World Health Organization (WHO) is collaborating with national and regional programs to find and promote new models of diagnosis, antibiotics, drug distribution, and management of antibiotic misusage. The first step is to make sure that every society recognizes the issue so that they can move on to “open research”, where medical research and technology are shared for the benefit of all. 

  • Addressing Mental Health in Humanitarian Crises/conflict zones 

The WHO is currently working on increasing mental health support and assistance to populations in distress—international and national refugees, survivors of catastrophes, victims of terrorism or political persecution, etc. People who face trauma and who do not receive the guidance they need may risk their physical well-being and social integrity. The WHO has a Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (MSD) that focuses on this issue. The WHO focuses its efforts on resource-poor or warring states. 

AFRICAN UNION

  • DRC Rwanda Conflict 

The Democratic Republic of Congo is slowly recovering from a conflict known as Africa's first world war, which led to the loss of some 5 millions lives between 1994 and 2003, but many eastern areas are still affected by violence as many rebel groups continue to operate there. Rwanda's genocide affected DR badly because Eastern DR Congo has porous borders. Also, after Rwanda's genocidal Hutu regime was overthrown, more than two million Hutus are thought to have fled into DR Congo fearing reprisals against them by the new, Tutsi-dominated government.  

  • East African Food Crisis 

Since the beginning of 2018, about 22 million East Africans are experiencing severe famine. Among these people, around 9 million are children who are in dire need of nutrition assistance. The countries being impacted the most are South Sudan, Somalia, and Ethiopia. The crisis is caused by irregular food prices, recurring droughts, food insecurity, floods, and violent conflicts. Following the famine, diseases are also widespread especially due to floods that not only kill people, livestock, and crops, but also destroy transportation route, making aid harder to deliver. 

SOCHUM

  • Protecting Cultural Heritage Sites in Warzones:

Heritage sites are threatened by war worldwide, and satellite images prove the extent of these recent looting and destructions which are concentrated around conflict zones in the Middle East. Due to major improvements in digital technology, these innovations are helping record and replicate what has been lost. This is a prevalent and ongoing issue in third world countries especially those with high amounts of war, terrorism and corrupt governments such as the Syrian and Israeli-Palestine conflict. This committee will address what actions need to be taken to help protect cultural heritage sites and what nations should be informed and involved in the policy making.  

  • Status of Historical Artefacts:

The status of historical artefacts remains a highly contested and debated issue in today's society. This committee will decide the appropriate steps that need to be taken with respect to the handling of these historical artefacts. For example, things that need to be considered: if there is any documentation, the physical location, accession files and other factors that need to be weighed into the decision as of what to do with the artifact. 

ECOFIN

  • The Economic Future of Green Energy Development 

Green energy or renewable energy is a widely debated topic as it solves many environmental issues yet it is very costly. Examples of renewable energy are solar power, wind power, hydroelectric electricity, geothermal power, and many sorts of modern ways of obtaining energy renewably. The issue with these energy sources is that they are very expensive to startup and maintain. 

  • Chinese economic debt-traps (Chinese investments and interventionism)

China has continually given out unrealistic contracts and loans to other countries promoting independency. The problem with these unrealistic loans is that countries taking the loans are unable to pay them back and have to pay these loans in more creative ways. There are two prevalent examples of this today in Venezuela and Sri Lanka. Venezuela needing to pay back $19 billion, instead are sending shipments of crude oil straight to china to pay it off. With almost $1 billion in debt, Sri Lanka gave a chinese company control of a whole trading port.

SPECPOL

The Special Political and Decolonization Committee deals with a variety of subjects which relate to decolonization, refugees, human rights, peacekeeping, mine action, public information, atomic radiation and University for Peace. In this committee, delegates will discuss two very controversial topics: the Cyprus Border conflict involving Turkish and Greek Cypriots, as well as the Kurdish State Conflict with longstanding disputes between Iran & Iraq.

  • Cyprus Border Conflict: 

Cyprus is an island country in the Mediterranean Sea, located to south of Turkey. The northern part of the island belongs to The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus—a self-declared administration occupied by Turkish Cypriots—while the rest of the islanders are Greek Cypriots. The Turkish Republic of North Cyprus covers 36% of the island while the Republic of Cyprus covers almost 60% of the island. The leftover 4% is a UN buffer zone.  

  • 1963: A 11-year-long violent conflict broke out in between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
  • 1974: Greek Cypriots started a coup d'état, attempting to incorporate Cyrus into Greece. 
  • 1974: The coup d'état led to an invasion of Cyprus from the Turkish, capturing the north. 
  • 1983: The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was formed. 200,000 people were displaced in the conflict.

Currently, Cyprus’s border conflict is an international issue involving not only Turkey and Greece, but also the UK, the EU, and the US. 

  • Kurdish State Sovereignty 

The Kurdish population have been the victims of atrocities and genocides for centuries in Iraq. And now, after a historic vote, the Kurdish people have an accelerated path towards finally controlling their own state. This is a momentous moment for Kurdish people, but the Iranian and Iraqi government are against this separation. This disagreement is creating tension and hate between the different groups people which is escalating daily. 

SECURITY COUNCIL

  • Nagorno-Karabakh Dispute 

The Nagorno-Karabakh is a boarder region between Armenia and Azerbaijan that is claimed by both countries. This uncertainty over ownership is the cause of increased cease-fire violations and disagreements.  Since 2016, the most horrific fight over the Nagorno-Karabakh border, hundreds of innocent people have died. This boarder is creating hostility between Armenia and Azerbaijan which is affecting them socially, environmentally, and economically. 

  • Venezuela Crisis 

On April 14 2013, Nicolas Maduro was elected as president of Venezuela. This was the start of the freefall of Venezuela’s economy. Today, Venezuela is struggling with Hyperinflation, power cuts, medicine and food shortages. The extent of hyperinflation is so extreme that small items like an average cup of coffee are costing 2.5m bolivars. This is leading to a considerable amount of fatalities due to the lack of necessities and refugees leaving Venezuela for neighboring countries. Although this crisis belonged initially to Venezuela, it has become a global problem affecting countries throughout the world.

UNITED ARAB LEAGUE

  • Yemen Civil War 

The Yemen Civil War is an ongoing conflict of the government authority between the then-incumbent Yemeni government led by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, the Houthi militia along with their supporters and allies, Southern Transitional Council, and other governorates. On 21 March 2015, after taking over Sana's and the Yemeni governments, the Houthi-led Supreme revolutionary Committee declared a general mobilization to overthrow Hadi and further their control by driving into southern provinces. From March 2015 to December 2017, 8,670–13,600 people have been killed in Yemen. In 2018, the United Nations warned that 13 million Yemeni civilians face starvation in what it says could become "the worst famine in the world in 100 years." CNN reported on 8 April 2015 that almost 10,160,000 Yemenis were deprived of water, food, and electricity as a result of the conflict. Yemen are facing severe situatino currently: the refugees are extremely susceptible to smuggling and human trafficking., the education system was severely impacted, and natural resources such as water availability and agriculture are impacted as well.  

  • Qatar  

There has been a major diplomatic crisis between Qatar and Saudi Arabi which started in June 2017. Saudi Arabi has cut ties with Qatar due to Qatar's support of Iran and various terrorist and sectarian groups aimed at destabilizing the region including al-Qaida and the Muslim Brotherhood. The tension that exists between Qatar and Saudi Arabia has grown over the past years mainly because Qatar has not been toeing the Saudi foreign policy and dealing with states and non-state actors that the Saudi's do not approve of. This committee will address the next steps that should be taken to solve this diplomatic crisis and if foreign intervention is necessary.  

G6

  • Turbulent American-European Relations 

The European Union has an unofficial group, G6, of 6 countries: France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom. This group was formed to confront problems all these counties, powerhouses of Europe, were facing. These problems include immigration, terrorism, and law and order. Today however, the President of the United States, Donald Trump has been creating hostile relations between himself and his European allies. Threatening to remove America from environment-focused doctrines and to no longer be an ally of these American countries, Trump is damaging his relations with other presidents and prime ministers around the world. 

  • Rise of European nationalism and alt-right movement 

All across Europe, there is a rise of far-right political parties. From France with Marine Le Pen to Frauke Petry in Germany, the powerhouses of Europe are riddled with far-right politicians. Many believe that the inauguration of Trump is the driving force behind the rise of these politicians who are interested in upholding ethnic identity and the conservation of culture. This movement is growing, which is causing a separation within the population based on political views.  

FIFA

  • Ensuring fairness and financial fair play rules  

The Financial Fair Play Regulations (FFP) were established to prevent professional football clubs spending more than they earn in the pursuit of success and in doing so getting into financial problems which might threaten their long-term survival. The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)'s Executive Committee approved a Financial Fair Play concept for the game's well-being in September 2009. It is working to improve the economic and financial capability of the clubs, to introduce more discipline and rationality in club football finances, and to protect the long-term viability and sustainability of European club football. The financial reports show inclining results in each and every one of the five years since the introduction of Financial Fair Play, with club balance sheets increasing, and net debt increasing significantly to revenue  from 65% to 35%.  

  • Addressing national duty and the willingness of players to participate in this league 

On November 7, 2018, Infantino, the president of FIFA, said the governing body would punish players at clubs like Barcelona, Manchester City and Bayern Munich if they left soccer's organized structure to form a privately-owned league. "Either you are in or you are out," Infantino said, listing the World Cup, European Championship and national leagues as competitions that players from breakaway teams could be excluded from. "This includes everything." His plan to head off a private closed league is to potentially feature 12 European clubs in a 24-team lineup, and worth a promised $3 billion every four years. The planned breakaway, essentially a cash grab by soccer’s richest, most popular teams, is one of a number of revelations to have been made public in what seems to be a coordinated attempt to obtain confidential data from within the soccer industry.

  • Addressing the logistics of the new league and the disruption that would occur when it occurs 

According to German publication, Der Spiegel, top European clubs have held secret talks to set up a meeting to form a private league. The league would consist of 11 'founder-teams': Liverpool FC, Manchester United, Manchester City, Chelsea FC, Arsenal FC, Barcelona FC, Real Madrid, Juventus, AC Milan, and Paris Saint Germain. As well, there would be 5 'initial guest-teams': Atlético Madrid, Borussia Dortmund, Olympique Marseille, Inter Milan and AS Roma. Some clubs have been betrayed the traditional cooperation between the clubs and the national leagues, one which has provided the framework for European football for decades. The league would begin operating in the 2021 season. The league would begin operating in the 2021 season.

ADHOC

To maintain ambiguity in the committee, the topics will not be revealed until you walk into the committee room. The only information given about this committee is that intelligence agencies are involved.

ICJ

  • The Prosecutor v Nicolas Maduro  

Maduro is a Venezuelan politician who was elected to finish the presidential term of Chavez in 2013 (Chavez died in 2013). Maduro enhanced Chavez’s violation of human rights, including accumulating power in the executive branch of government, intimidation, persecution, harassment of the media, torture, and horrendous prison conditions. The recent crisis led to an inflation rate of 830,000%; meanwhile, Maduro is reported to be corrupt and lavish while the crisis is mostly affecting the residents of Venezuela. He refuses to acknowledge the recent humanitarian crisis and claims that western countries are trying to “get their hands” on Venezuela.

MARVEL SUMMIT

ERROR 404: Looks like Thanos deleted this part of the website too... refer to the Background Guides section for the topics of this committee.

Background Guides

Click a committee's name to view its background guide. All positions papers must be sent to ACMUN@appleby.on.ca by Saturday, April 6th. Completing your position paper is mandatory for you to be considered for an award. Please, also, name your file COMMITTEE_DELEGATION.

If you are unsure how to write a position paper refer to this document.

DISEC

UNHRC

UNDP

UNHCR

UNICEF

UNEP 

UN WOMEN

WTO

WHO

AFRICAN UNION

SOCHUM

ECOFIN

SPECPOL

SECURITY COUNCIL

UNITED ARAB LEAGUE

G6

FIFA

ICJ

MARVEL SUMMIT

 

Contact Us

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Anjali Siromani
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