Curriculum Guide

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The Appleby English program prepares students for the study of university English and develops competence in speaking, written expression and reading that is instrumental in the pursuit of other disciplines. Students follow a structured curriculum from Middle One to Senior Two.

The Appleby program is literature-based, with emphasis on the integration of a critical awareness of language and media. Thus, the aim is to achieve a balance of these elements in the student’s oral and written expression. All courses concentrate on developing the students’ abilities to understand and convey information; to evaluate and present facts and opinions; to express experience, emotions and imagination; to manipulate conventions such as paragraphing, sentence structure, punctuation and spelling; to recognize implicit meaning; and to cultivate an awareness of style. Since 2002, students study English in small classes at an oval table (the Harkness table). This model demonstrates Appleby’s commitment to an ideal of active, participatory, student-centred learning which values teaching students not just course content, but the skills required to become their own and each others’ teachers.

The program encourages good reading habits, independent and self-motivated learning, the development of media literacy and the practical use of new technologies within the program. For students to realize the importance of reading and to nurture it as a lifelong habit, students will be expected to read at least one novel from the syllabus of their upcoming year’s work during the summer. The English Department Head and Curriculum Chair provide details of the next year’s reading lists toward the end of the school year.

Other important activities are the study of literature reflecting a wide variety of styles, genres, themes, content and period; class discussions led by teacher and students; individual oral presentations enhanced by technology; peer and self-assessment; and course enrichment according to the design of the teacher. Students are continually assessed and evaluated through oral and written work, performance tasks and examinations.


Middle One Required

English - ENG7J 
The Middle One course determines students’ grasp of oral and written components in the English language. The writing program incorporates formal grammar, research skills, diction and complex sentence structures. Students read, analyze, review and critique the creative efforts of their peer group. The literature course includes myths, novels, poetry and drama. The emphasis is on comprehension and assimilation of detail in order to present opinion. As well, written and oral expression is also emphasized as an important skill to develop. Students are also introduced to writing an Analytical Literary essay in which they are required to create an outline and rough draft with peer editing leading to a final draft. Note taking and organizational skill building using the computer and written notes is essential for success. All students participate in the annual poetry writing contest and recital.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None


Middle Two Required

English - ENG8J 
The Middle Two year continues the program outlined in Middle One, but with greater emphasis on independent organizational skills. Literature is presented thematically through novels, short stories, poetry, media and drama. Students further develop their written skills in their understanding of essay style, grammar and use computers for outlining, drafting, note taking, and organizing. All students participate in the annual short story writing contest and poetry recital events. The course encourages critical-thinking skills, close reading strategies and a wider span of reading.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None


Upper One Required

English - ENG1D 
This course emphasizes the analytic reading, writing, oral communication and thinking skills that students need for success in both secondary school academic programs and their daily lives. Students study and interpret texts from contemporary and historical periods, including plays, novels, poems and short stories, and investigate and create media works. An important focus is on the correct and effective use of spoken and written language. Particular attention is paid to structure and the effective control of language conventions. The course offers a broad variety of issue-related subjects as a stimulus to writing, and students practise the literary essay. Due attention is paid to literary techniques and terminology. The program continues the use of tablet computers for outlining, drafting, note taking, scheduling, organizing and presenting. All students are required to participate in the annual poetry writing and interpretive reading contests.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: None


Upper Two Required

English - ENG2D 
This course extends the range of analytic reading, writing, oral communication and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school academic programs. Students study and interpret challenging texts including novels, poems, short stories, plays and essays, and analyze and create media works. An important focus is on the thoughtful use of spoken and written language. Works for literature study are chosen not only for their literary merit, but also as incentives for discussion and writing. Language work concentrates on examining word usage as well as the structure and style of the literary selections. The program continues the use of tablet computers for outlining, drafting, note taking, scheduling and organizing. All students are required to participate in the annual story writing and public speaking contests. All students prepare for and write the province-wide literacy test.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: ENG1D


Senior One Required

English - ENG3U  AP Logo
This course emphasizes the development of literacy, critical-thinking and communication skills. Students analyze challenging texts from various periods, conduct research and analyze the information gathered, write persuasive and literary essays, and analyze the relationship among media forms, audiences and media industry practices. As per the goals of the Advanced Placement English Language and Composition course, an important focus is on writing and reading "in a variety of rhetorical contexts." Students will become "aware of the interactions among the writer's purposes, audience expectations, and subjects, as well as the way genre conventions and the resources of language contribute to effectiveness in writing." Students examine central features of English as an academic discipline: speaking, writing and responding to literature, reading skills and habits, and understanding language and its functions. Harkness discussions and presentations are central, as is the use of tablet computers for outlining, drafting, note taking, scheduling and organizing. All students participate in the annual Jone Schoeffel Cross-Examination Debating Competition and the W. David Smith Essay Prize. By May, students will have the skills required for completion of the Advanced Placement English Language Composition examination.  

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: ENG2D


Senior One Elective

Media, Information and Technoculture - EMS3O 
In recent years, the field of English has grown to include much more than reading and writing. The information revolution has changed how we think and use texts in every aspect of our lives, transforming our view of the world. This course asks students to rethink media so that it is not considered a window on the world, but that each medium frames its subject in distinct, intentional ways. Students are actively engaged in media analysis and production, and become involved with the world of multimedia and the Internet.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: ENG2D


Senior Two Required

English - AP - ENG4U AP Logo 
This course concentrates on the close reading of selected texts in order to help students deepen their understanding of the ways writers use language to provide both meaning and pleasure for their readers. As they read, students learn to consider a work’s structure, style and themes, as well as such smaller-scale elements as the use of figurative language, imagery, symbolism and tone. This course consolidates the literacy and critical-thinking skills needed for university programs, and for lifelong learning. Students study a balanced selection of texts from various time periods, which are chosen for literary merit and for topics of discussion and writing. The language content develops the students’ ability to write analytical essays, as well as apply key concepts to analyze media works. An important focus of the course is understanding academic language and using it coherently and confidently in discussion and argument. Students also examine the range, structure and style of literary selections, with respect to audience, purpose, tone and the use of rhetorical devices. The Advanced Placement examination in English tests students in the careful reading and critical analysis of imaginative literature. Students are prepared for this examination through the existing courses (English 7J through 4U), by reading both widely and deeply, drawing from a range of texts of historical and contemporary writers, and multiple genres and cultures. Students will be advised whether or not to write the examination after their first reporting period on criteria such as strong achievement, solid analytical skills and interest. The AP examination takes place in May of each year.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: ENG3U


Senior Two Electives

English: Writer's Craft - EWC4U 
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing for university-bound students with a special interest in all types of written communication. Students analyze models of effective writing, use a workshop approach to produce a range of works, and identify and use techniques required for specialized writing forms. Students also identify ways to improve the quality of their writing, complete a major creative assignment, and investigate opportunities for publication and careers in communications.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: ENG3U

Media Information and Technology - IDC4UX 
This course unites the two previous Senior One Media courses into one engaging and focused 4U level offering. It is truly cross-curricular, bringing together the analytical and interpretive world of English and the observational and constructive world of Visual Art. Previous knowledge and skills will be leveraged to extend the learning into more prolonged and intensive classroom projects. Students will once again be engaged in media theory and the practical application of those theories into a mix of technoculture digital media projects that bring our current media-rich world more clearly into focus. The culmination of the course will result in a student driven piece that will showcase their collective learning for the year using a medium of their preference. This course would be extremely beneficial for those students interested in post-secondary pursuits in Journalism, Digital Art & Design and English.

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 %    Summative Evaluation - 30 %
Prerequisite: ASM3M or EMS3O or permission from the department


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